Mechanical Engineering is one of the oldest and broadest engineering branches and hence, one of the most preferred one by the engineering aspirants. The branch applies the principles of engineering, physics and material science for the design, analysis, manufacturing and maintenance of mechanical systems. This branch of engineering involves design, production, and operation of machinery.
Mechanical Engineering includes design, manufacture, installation and operation of engines, machines, robotics, heating & cooling systems and manufacturing processes. In this profession, you will be responsible for designing and developing machines right from bicycles to supersonic fighter jets and toasters which can be extremely challenging and fulfilling, requiring analytical skills together with an ability to work in a team. You must love machines and be comfortable working with tools.
In order to be a mechanical engineer, the students need to have an understanding of the core concepts of mechanics, kinematics, thermodynamics, materials science, structural analysis, and electricity. The mechanical engineers utilize these core concepts along with tools like computer-aided design, and product lifecycle management to design and analyze manufacturing plants, industrial equipment and machinery heating and cooling systems, transport systems, aircraft, watercraft, robotics, medical devices, weapons, and others.
What is Mechanical Engineering?
As mentioned above, the basic concepts of this field of engineering include mechanics, kinematics, thermodynamics, materials science, structural analysis, and electricity. There are several other fields which are interrelated with that of mechanical engineering such as aerospace engineering, metallurgical engineering, civil engineering, electrical engineering, manufacturing engineering and chemical engineering.
The relevance of Mechanical Engineering is also apparent in other fields such as Biomedical engineering, specifically with biomechanics, transport phenomena, biomechatronics, bionanotechnology, and modeling of biological systems.
The core courses which are taught in the noted engineering colleges of India include the following:
Statics & Dynamics Control
Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer
Mechanism and Machine Design
Strength of Materials and solid mechanics
Theory of Design
Instrumentation and measurement
Engineering and Product Design
Computer Aided Design and Computer Aided Manufacturing
Mechanical Engineering is rightly called Evergreen field owing to its relevance and linkage with other branches of Engineering. Hence, there is a wide range of scopes and opportunities for students who pursue this field.
What do you do as Mechanical Engineer?
For a Mechanical Engineer, the role is spread across various fields of the Manufacturing sector. The job profiles or the roles of the Mechanical Engineers range in the Research & Development, Production, Design, Analysis and Testing, Installation and Maintenance.
The demand for the Mechanical Engineering jobs is high in India and abroad. The popular and most common industries where a Mechanical Engineer can be employed are Thermal Power Plants, Oil & Petroleum Plant, Electronics Industry, Aerospace, Shipping Industry, Pharmaceutical Industry to name a few.
To answer the question, what do you do as Mechanical Engineer, the responsibilities include designing – either manually or with the help of CAD and implementing equipment modification in order to improve the production quality, project management and ensure smooth running of operations of the plant or the manufacturing unit.
The mechanical engineers are also responsible for installing and maintaining various machines and tools which had been researched and developed by them. In short, the engineers have to ensure the overall smooth running of the process.
How to pursue Mechanical Engineering?
Aspirants of Mechanical Engineering must have appeared in the 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as core subjects. They have to appear for the various Engineering Entrance Exams such as JEE (for IIT, NITs, IIITs, CFTIs and SFTIs), BITSAT (for BITS) and VITEEE (VIT University) to name a few. On the basis of their performance and counselling, the candidates will be allocated the engineering branch.
Scope & Opportunities of Mechanical Engineering:
Graduates can work in the automotive, aerospace, chemical, computer, communication, paper, power generation and almost all manufacturing industries. Mechanical engineers also work in maintenance and service profiles in all industries. Also they can choose teaching profession in universities and colleges.
After completing a B.Tech/BE you can opt for M.Tech/MS in various specializations such as Manufacturing Systems Engineering, Mechanical Handling and Automation, Mechanical Systems Design & Thermal Energy and Environmental Engineering.
Mahindra & Mahindra
Tata Consultancy Services
Larsen & Toubro
Delhi Metro Rail Corporation
Machine component designer
Sales & Maintenance Engineer