Bachelor of Science in Agriculture or B.Sc. in Agriculture is a 4-year undergraduate degree awarded by
Indian Universities for 10+2 students preferably with Science stream. Like, BE/B.Tech or MBBS, B.Sc. in
Agriculture is considered as a professional degree by Government of India. The course is not so popular
among students but the demand of trained professionals in agriculture is very high.
Admission to the course is mostly entrance exam based. KEAM, EAMCET are a few entrance exams
conducted for admission to the course.
B.Sc. Agriculture involves study of agriculture sciences and use of modern scientific equipment and
techniques in agriculture, land surveying, soil science, water resource management, animal and poultry
management, basics of biotechnology etc. The objective of the course is to use these concepts to train
students to improve agricultural productivity.
B.Sc. Agriculture graduates can find jobs in both public and private sectors. The Gazetted post of
Government of India like Agricultural Officer (Agronomist) is one of the most prestigious jobs in public
sector after B.Sc. Agriculture. Agriculture officer, Assistant Plantation Manager, Agricultural Research
Scientist, Agriculture Development Officers, Agriculture Technician, Agriculturists, Business
Development Executive, Marketing Executive etc. are some of the job profiles associated with the
course. The average annual salary offered to these professionals ranges between INR 2 to 4.5 lacs.
What do you study in BSc Agriculture?
A BSc in Agriculture equips students with all-round knowledge of sector and normally includes the
–>Agronomy: Basics of Agronomy, Kharif and Rabi Crop, Crop Protection, Weed Management,
Irrigation Techniques, Water Resource Management, Organic Farming, Sustainable Agriculture.
–>Plant Genetics: Botany, Basics of Genetics, Plant Breeding, Seed Technology, Basics of
–>Soil Science: Introduction to Soil Science, Soil Fertility, Soil Chemistry, Fertilizers, Agricultural
–>Entomology: Pest Management, Beneficial Insects, Grain Storage and Management.
–>Agricultural Economics: Market prices, Trade prices, Marketing, Finance, Agribusiness
Management, Farm Management.
–>Agriculture Engineering: Agriculture Machinery, Power and Tools, Harvest Technology,
Environment Science and Engineering, Renewable Energy.
–>Agricultural Meteorology: Climate patterns, Climatic hazards on Agriculture, Climatic Zones, Weather forecasting.
–>Plant Pathology: Crop Diseases, Nematology.
–>Horticulture: Fruit Crops, Medicinal Plants, Aromatic Plants, Flower Production, Spices, Plantation
–>Agricultural Extension: Dimensions of Agricultural Extension, Extension Methodologies,
Entrepreneurship Development program.
–>In all the above areas of study, practical sessions related to theoretical knowledge are also built into
the course. There are some elective courses, study tours, field trips, in some semesters. These vary from
university to university.
What are the job opportunities and salary after graduation?
There are plenty of government as well as private sector jobs available for BSc Agriculture graduates.
They can be appointed as Research Officer, Quality Assurance Officer, Agriculture Officer, Agriculture
Loan Officer (in Banks), Production Manager, Operations Manager and Farm Manager with State
In the private sector, agriculture science graduates may find jobs as managers at plantations, as officers
at fertilizer manufacturing firms, agriculture machinery industries, agricultural products marketing firms,
food processing units etc. The average starting salary of these officers is generally between Rs. 5 to 6
lakh per annum (including incentive). And as you gain years and experience, the scope for better
remuneration is immense.
After doing BSc Agriculture, one may also go for MSc Agriculture and take up a teaching job, or even go
for a PhD and build a career in Agricultural Research.
Eligibility for B.Sc. in Agriculture:-
Interested aspirants for the course are required to fulfil the below-mentioned eligibility criteria.
Completion of Intermediate (12 years of school education) in Science stream
Physics, Chemistry, Biology and/or Mathematics as the subjects of study
Apart from this, candidates possessing Intermediate in Agriculture stream (limited states) are also eligible
to apply. Depending on the university, the eligibility varies in terms of a combination of subjects. Eligibility
criteria also varies for reserved categories as per the reservation guidelines of GOI.
B.Sc. in Agriculture: Admission Process:-
Admission in universities or institutes offering B.Sc. in Agriculture course is done basically in two modes.
It is done either based on the marks obtained in the qualifying examination (Direct Admission) or written
exam conducted by the university/institution that offers the degree.
The details on how to apply for B.Sc. degree in Agriculture can be collected from the authorized website
of the institution along with the information on course details and available number of seats. The
application forms can be obtained either through the college office or from the concerned web portal.
Some entrance exams conducted for admission to B.Sc. Agriculture course are as follows:
ICAR Entrance Exam (ICAR-AIEEA)- It is an agriculture entrance exam conducted by Indian Council of
Agricultural Research (ICAR) for admission to 15% seats in Agriculture Universities in Bachelor Degree
programs and 100% seats in ICAR Deemed to be Universities and NDRI, Karnal
–>EAMCET- Conducted for admissions in Agriculture colleges and universities in Andhra Pradesh
–>PAU Entrance Exam- Conducted by Punjab Agricultural University
–>KEAM- Conducted for agricultural colleges in Kerala
–>IGKV CET- Conducted by Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya
Some colleges offer B.Sc. Agriculture admission simply on the basis of marks obtained in qualifying